The Common Criteria consists of 25 member countries, which are represented through ministries and standardisation institutes. Together, the members arrange testing processes and minimum standards for various IT products.
International recognition and collaboration prevents inferior products which do not fullfil certain standards from reaching the market.
Common Criteria Testing Process:
Description of the protection profile and security standards for the product
Setting up a catalogue of function requirements
Listing the collective requirements for product checking
Products which pass the evaluation performed by an accredited national body will receive official certification under Common Criteria. This rigorous process ensures higher security and reliability of IT products. In Germany, the Federal Ministry for Securtiy in Information Technology (BSI) is responsible for handing out certificates according to Common Criteria. In the UK, the relevant organisation is the UK IT Security Evaluation and Certification Scheme.