POLYAS Election Glossary

We provide explanations and background information on elections, voting rights and digital democracy

Majority Vote

A majority vote means that a proposition is selected by the majority of voters from a set of alternatives. 
In a majority vote, candidates with most votes in a constituency can enter Parliament. The voting process is suitable for electing direct representatives, which is why it is often used with direct elections. 

Relative and absolute majortiy
With relative majority, a candidate has to obtain the most votes, or more votes than the other candidates in order to win the elections.
With absolute majority, a candidate must obtain over a half of the votes cast, or 50% plus 1 votes. 

The majority vote is one of the two main types of election systems: the opposite of a majority vote is  proportional representation. 

See also: Proportional Vote, Direct Elections, List Elections, First Past the Post, Alternative Vote, Supplementary Vote

< Go back